( CNN ) Here’s a look at diabetes , a disease that affects millions of people around the world.
Diabetes is distinguished by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. The illnes can lead to serious complications such as blindness, kidney damage, cardiovascular disease, limb amputations and premature death .
Worldwide, the number of people living with the potentially fatal illness has quadrupled since 1980, to more than 400 million , according to the World Health Organization( WHO ).
There are several types of diabetes:Prediabeties, Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational diabetes .
Gestational diabetes is a form of glucose fanaticism diagnosed during pregnancy. It affects about 4% of all pregnant women. A diagnosis of gestational diabetes doesn’t mean that a woman had diabetes before she conceived, or that she will have diabetes after giving birth .
Unexplained weight loss
Sudden changes in vision
Numbness in hands or feet
Slow healing wounds
Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about two to four times higher than adults without diabetes .
The risk for stroke is two to four times higher among people with diabetes .
Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20 -7 4 years .
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure .
Between 60% and 70% of people with diabetes have mild to severe different forms of nervous system damage or neuropathy .
An estimated 86 million people 20 or older have pre-diabetes .
21 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes .
29. 1 million, or 9.3% of the U.S. population have diabetes .
8. 1 million people have diabetes, but have not been diagnosed .
28. 9 million, or 12.3% of all people 20 years or older have diabetes .
208, 000 people under 20 years old have type 1 or type 2 diabetes .
11. two million, or 25.9% of all people 65 or older have diabetes .
15. 5 million, or 13.6% of all men aged 20 years or older have diabetes .
13. 4 million, or 11.2% of all women aged 20 years or older have diabetes .
2012 – 1.7 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in people aged 20 years or older .
November 16, 2012 – The CDC releases a report showing that 18 countries had a 100% or more increased number of the prevalence of diabetes from 1995 to 2010. Forty-two states ensure an increase of at the least 50% .
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