Understanding Diabetes Type I

Diabetes Type I Defined:

diabetes photo
Photo by PracticalCures

Wikipedia definition is

Diabetes mellitus type 1 (also known as type 1 diabetes) is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from the autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.[2] The subsequent lack of insulin leads to increased glucose in the blood and urine. The classical symptoms are frequent urination, increased thirst, increased hunger, and weight loss.[3]

Often referred to as Juvenile Onset diabetes because half of folks diagnosed with this type of diabetes are under 20 years old; this type of diabetes can also be diagnosed later in life.

Normally it requires the person to require insulin injections because the immune system has a defect which caused it to attack the pancreas killing off beta cells which normally produce the hormone insulin lowering or stopping the pancreas’s ability to make Insulin.   With no or little insulin to regulate and allow glucose to enter the cells to be burned for energy blood glucose rises in the blood stream causing havoc in the body.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Frequent Need To Urinate
  • Increased Hunger
  • Weight Loss
  • Unexplained Fatigue

Since glucose can’t reach the cells the body reverts to burning fat which causes the Type 1 Diabetic often to lose weight.  The burning of fat causes the production of Ketones which in a diabetic can rise to dangerous levels which may cause a fruity odor to the breath and if not treated can be toxic and can lead to the diabetic going into a coma.

Managing Type I Diabetes

This can be a delicate balancing act and more than ever you need to seek out professional help and support.

As in the other forms of diabetes you need to be under a Doctor’s care and your insulin levels need to be closely monitored and regulated.

insulin photo
Photo by cogdogblog

Through the use of injectable insulin,other medications, diet and exercize you can live with and co-exist with the disease.

We will explore in later blog posts in more detail this type of diabetes.

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