Diabetes Type II- Essential Information
You Need Now.
Type II Diabetes develops when your body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin. The exact cause is unknown,although genetics and environmental factors, such as excess weight particularly in the mid-section and inactivity, seem to be contributing factors.
What is Insulin?
Insulin is a hormone that comes from the Pancreas a gland in your body
located below your stomach
* The pancreas secretes insulin into the bloodstream.
* The insulin circulates, enabling sugar to enter your cells.
* Insulin lowers the amount of sugar in your bloodstream.
* As your blood sugar level drops, so does the secretion of insulin
from your pancreas.
What is Glucose?
Glucose is a sugar and is a main source of energy for cells that make up
muscles and other tissues.
* Glucose comes from two major sources: the food you eat and your liver.
* Sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream, where it enters cells with
the help of insulin.( Think of Insulin as the key that opens the door into
your cells for sugar or glucose to enter and to be burned as fuel)
* Your liver stores and makes glucose.
* When your glucose levels are low, such as when you haven’t eaten in a while, the liver breaks down stored glycogen into glucose to keep your
glucose level within a normal range.
In Type II Diabetes, this process stops working . Sugar builds up in your bloodstream. As blood sugar levels increase, the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas release more insulin, but eventually these cells
become impaired and can’t make enough insulin to meet the body’s demands.
If untreated you can become a Type I Diabetic, the immune system destroys the beta cells, leaving the body with little to no insulin.
Factors Increasing Your Risk
* Weight. Being overweight is a primary risk factor for type 2
diabetes. The more fatty tissue you have particularly in your midsection themore resistant your cells become to insulin. But, you don’t have to be overweight to develop type 2 diabetes.
* Inactivity. The less active you are, the greater your risk of type 2
diabetes. Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses up glucoseas energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.
* Family history. The risk of type 2 diabetes increases if your parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes.
* Race. People of certain races – including blacks, Hispanics,
American Indians and Asian-Americans – are more likely to develop type II diabetes than whites are.
* Age. The risk of type II diabetes increases especially after age 45. That’s probably because people tend to exerciseless, lose muscle mass and gain weight as they age.
But type II diabetes is also rising dramatically among children, adolescents and younger adults.
* Prediabetes. Prediabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Left untreated, prediabetes often progresses to type 2 diabetes.
* Gestational diabetes. If you developed gestational diabetes when youwere pregnant, your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases. If yougave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4 kilograms), you’re also at risk of type II diabetes.
* Polycystic ovarian syndrome. For women, having polycystic ovariansyndrome – a common condition characterized by irregular menstrual periods,excess hair growth and obesity – increases the risk of diabetes.
If you have any of the above symptoms or you are in a high risk category as outlined above you need to see your doctor immediately and inform her or him of your family history of the disease if known, your signs and symptoms and have your Doctor order the appropriate lab tests. Your Doctor can help you evaluate your lab test results and what those results mean.
Your Doctor may run a series of these tests on different days as necessary to confirm where you are at in the spectrum of pre-diabetic to Diabetic.
The types of test that can be run to diagnose if you are diabetic or not
A1C: It’s like an average of your blood glucose over the past 2 or 3 months.
Fasting plasma glucose: This measures your blood sugar on an empty stomach.
You won’t be able to eat or drink anything except water for 8 hours before
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT): This checks your blood glucose before
and 2 hours after you drink a sweet drink to see how your body handles the sugar.
IMPORTANT: Diabetes is not something you can manage on your own or ignore.
I hate going to the doctor as much as anyone else out there but this time
you need to go to a doctor. It is time consuming and will cost you but
failing to deal with your high blood sugar can have lasting effects to
include damage to your heart and blood vessels, kidneys, eyes, nerves, wound healing, sexual function and pregnancy.
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